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achilles tendon pain

The Achilles tendon is a tendon of the posterior leg. It serves to attach the plantaris, gastrocnemius (calf) and soleus muscles to the calcaneus (heel) bone.

The most common Achilles tendon injuries are Achilles tendinosis ( very painful condition) and Achilles tendon rupture. Achilles tendinosis is the soreness or stiffness of the tendon, generally due to overuse. Partial and full Achilles tendon ruptures are most likely to occur in sports requiring sudden eccentric stretching, such as sprinting.

Treatment options for an Achilles tendon rupture include surgical and non-surgical approaches.

Non-surgical management traditionally was selected for minor Achilles tendon ruptures, less active patients, and those with medical conditions that prevent them from undergoing Achilles tendon surgery.

Achilles tendon does not have good blood supply or cell activity, so this injury can be slow to heal. When an Achilles tendon injury occurs to the tendon, cells from surrounding structures migrate into the tendon to assist in repair. Some of these cells come from blood vessels that enter the Achilles tendon to provide direct blood flow to increase healing. With the blood vessels come nerve fibers which are believe to be the cause of the pain associated to Achilles tendon.

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