Our Clinics

Metroplitan LA
1832 W. 7th Street
Los Angeles, CA 90057
Tel. (213) 484-0040

West LA
11540 Santa Monica Blvd.
Second Floor - Suite #203
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Tel. (310) 477-9210

Sprain is an injury to ligaments that is caused by being stretched beyond their normal capacity and possibly torn. A muscular tear caused in the same manner is referred to as a strain . In cases where either ligament or muscle tissue is torn, immobilization and surgical repair may be necessary. Ligaments are tough, fibrous tissues that connect bone to bone across the joints. Sprains can occur in any joint but are most common in the ankle.



The diagnosis of Sprain injury is made by a physical examination. In most cases an x-ray of the affected joint is obtained to ensure that there are no fractures. If a tear in the ligament is suspected, then an MRI is obtained. MRI is usually ordered after swelling has subsided and can readily identify the presence of a ligament injury.

Diagnosis of Sprains is not difficult but in most cases x-rays are obtained to ensure that there is no fracture. In many cases, if the injury is prolonged, magnetic resonance imaging is performed to look at surrounding soft tissues and the ligament.


Sprains typically occur when the joint is overextended. This can cause over stretching of the ligament, tear or rupture the ligament.

joints involved

Although any joint can experience a Sprain , some of the more common include:

Risk factors

There are certain factors which increase risk of Sprains . Fatigue of muscles generally leads to Sprains . When one suddenly starts to exercise after a sedentary lifestyle, Sprains are quite common. Not warming is the most common cause of Sprains in athletes. Warming up loosens the joint, increases blood flow and makes the joint more flexible. Poor conditioning of the body can also lead to Sprains .


The first modality for a Sprain can be remembered using the acronym R.I.C.E. The treatment of Sprains depends on the extent of injury and the joint involved. Medications like non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can relieve pain. Weight bearing should be gradual and advanced as tolerated.

Ice and compression (cold compression therapy) will not completely stop swelling and pain, but will help to minimize them as the Sprain begins to heal itself. Careful management of swelling is critical to the healing process as additional fluid may pool in the Sprained area.

The joint should be exercised again fairly soon, in milder cases from 1 to 3 days after injury. Special exercises are sometimes needed in order to regain strength and help reduce the risk of ongoing problems. The ankle may need to be supported by taping or bracing, helping protect it from reinjury.


Sprains can best be prevented by proper use of safety equipment (wrist, ankle guards; carts vs. lifting), warm-ups and cool-downs (including stretching), being aware of surroundings and maintaining strength and flexibility. Physical conditioning is the best way to avoid or lessen the degree of Sprains .

Call your doctor or Dr. Harounian?s clinic at 213-484-0040 if:

Dr. Harounian?s Clinics are equipped with all necessary state-of-the-art tools and equipments for treating and curing all Foot and Ankle related disorders, diseases and infection, such as Toenail Fungus infections, Athlete Foot , Toe Deformities, Nail Abnormalities and etc.

Both Santa Monica and Los Angeles Clinics are capable of providing the new Toenail Fungus Laser Treatment, known as Pin Pointe Foot Laser.

For more information about Pin Pointe Foot Laser and Toenail Fungus Laser Treatment procedure, visit our Cutting Edge Toenail Fungus Treatment page.

If you or anyone you know is suffering from Toenail Fungus or other foot related disorders call us today and set your appointment now.

Metropolitan Los Angeles Clinic: 213-484-0040
West Los Angeles Clinic: 310-477-9210