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Los Angeles, CA 90057
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11540 Santa Monica Blvd.
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Los Angeles, CA 90025
Tel. (310) 477-9210
 
hammer toe

Hammer toe or contracted toe is a deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the second, third, or fourth toe causing it to be permanently bent, resembling a hammer. Mallet toe is a similar condition affecting the distal interphalangeal joint.

Hammer toe most frequently results from wearing poorly fitting shoes that can force the toe into a bent position, such as excessively high heels or shoes that are too short or narrow for the foot. Having the toes bent for long periods of time can cause the muscles in them to shorten, resulting in the hammer toe deformity. This is often found in conjunction with bunions or other foot problems. It can also be caused by muscle, nerve, or joint damage resulting from conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, stroke, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease or diabetes.

Generally for Hammer Toe treatment, physical therapy and new shoes with soft, spacious toe boxes is enough to resolve the condition, while in more severe Hammer Toe cases orthopedic surgery may be necessary to correct the Hammer Toe deformity.

The doctor can also prescribe a brace that pushes down on the toes to force them to stretch out their muscles. Some treatment options involve surgery. Traditional ways have been the use of k-wires, but now there are treatments that don't require pins protruding through the ends of the toes. Because there are no protruding elements that need to be accounted for, the wearing of normal footwear may be resumed quickly after surgery, depending on the advice of the surgeon and the comfort needs of the patient.

Hammer Toe



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